This is about the making process of a whale figure using oven-bake clay. The example shown here is a sgray whale strap that is about 6cm long.
The basic material is oven-hardening clay called "Premo! Sculpey". I usually use the one in white. The picture (sorry it's already opened) is the package of 454g.
Cut out some blocks of sculpey using a cutter, depending on the size of a figure you would like to make, and then slice them into small pieces to make it easier to knead.
Knead them until they become soft enough to be shaped into a ball. Make sure to put some smaller amount aside for shaping flippers.
Knead the bigger ball roughly into the shape of a whale body, which looks like a rugby ball.
Knead one end of the body into flukes. When I shape fine parts like this one, plastic sculpting knives would be very helpful.
Shape the main parts of the body so that it looks like the species you're trying to make. In this case of a gray whale, note the conic snout and some small ridges along its back.
Knead the small portion of sculpey put aside in STEP 3 into the shapes of flippers.
Attach the flippers to the body. Make sure that they are sticked to the body firm enough so that they won't fall off.
Draw the line of the mouth and blowholes using a fine sewing kneedle.
Scatter tiny pieces of sculpey around the snout and the back. (Gray whales have lots of parasites and barnacles.)
Most gray whales are "right-handed" in feeding at ocean floors, so there are less barnacles on the right side of its snout compared to the left.
Stick these tiny pieces into crusty "barnacles" attached to the skin surface.
Draw the throat grooves (usually 2 to 4 lines) with a sewing needle.
Embed the eyes (pre-baked sculpey or tiny beads with brown color).
Stick a short eyepin into the back.
Bake it in an oven. The instruction of Sculpey reads "130℃ / 30min (per 6mm thickness)", but it can vary depending on the oven.
When it cools down after baking, color the body with acrylic paints. Then leave it for 1 day to let the paint dry completely.
Paint the clear polyurethane at least twice (which means it takes 2 days) so that it forms firm coating.
Finally, attach a strap and it's complete!